Inhibitory effects of cholecystokinin on postprandial gastric myoelectrical activity

J. D.Z. Chen, Z. Y. Lin, S. Parolisi, R. W. McCallum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

While a number of studies have investigated the effects of cholecystokinin (CCK) on gastrointestinal motility, little is known on the effects of CCK on gastric myoelectrical activity, which regulates gastric motility. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of intravenous infusion of CCK-8 on gastric myoelectrical activity in normal humans. Gastric myoelectrical activity was measured in 10 healthy subjects with a noninvasive electrogastrographic technique by placing abdominal electrodes on the epigastric area. Two study sessions were performed in each subject on two separate days with double-blinded infusion of either saline or CCK (24 pmol/kg/hr). The procedure for each session was as follows: (A) 30-min baseline fasting electrogastrogram (EGG); (B) start infusion, another 30-min EGG; (C) give meal, 60-min EGG; and (D) stop infusion, another 60-min EGG. The dominant frequency and peak power (amplitude) of the EGG, and the percentage of normal 2-4 cycles/min slow waves during each recording session were computed and compared between placebo and CCK. It was found that normal 3 cpm slow waves were recorded in all EGGs. Infusion of CCK had no effect on the frequency of the gastric slow wave and did not induce gastric dysrhythmias. It was also found that intravenous infusion of CCK significantly decreased the EGG peak power (amplitude) during the first hour after the meal (the infusion was given during this period) in comparison with placebo (P<0.05). This inhibitory effect on EGG peak power was sustained but not significant during the second postprandial hour (the infusion was not given during this period). It was concluded that intravenous infusion of CCK at a physiological concentration significantly decreased the postprandial EGG amplitude in normal humans, suggesting an inhibitory effect on postprandial gastric motility, but did not change the frequency and regularity of the gastric slow wave.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2614-2622
Number of pages9
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Volume40
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cholecystokinin
  • electrogastrography
  • gastric emptying
  • gastric myoelectrical activity
  • gastrointestinal motility
  • stomach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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