Inhibition of Sodium/Proton Exchange by a Rab-GTPase-activating Protein Regulates Endosomal Traffic in Yeast

Rashid Ali, Christopher L. Brett, Sanchita Mukherjee, Rajini Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Endosomal Na+/H+ exchangers are important for salt and osmotolerance, vacuolar pH regulation, and endosomal trafficking. We show that the C terminus of yeast Nhx1 interacts with Gyp6, a GTPase-activating protein for the Ypt/Rab family of GTPases, and that Gyp6 colocalizes with Nhx1 in the endosomal/prevacuolar compartment (PVC). The gyp6 null mutant exhibits novel phenotypes consistent with loss of negative regulation of Nhx1, including increased tolerance to hygromycin, increased vacuolar pH, and decreased plasma membrane potential. In contrast, overexpression of Gyp6 increases sensitivity to hygromycin, decreases vacuolar pH, and results in a slight missorting of vacuolar carboxypeptidase Y to the cell surface. We conclude that Gyp6 is a negative regulator of Nhx1-dependent trafficking out of the PVC. Taken together with its GTPase-activating protein-dependent role as a negative regulator of Ypt6-mediated retrograde traffic to the Golgi, we propose that Gyp6 coordinates upstream and downstream events in the PVC to Golgi pathway. Our findings provide a possible molecular link between intraendosomal pH and regulation of vesicular trafficking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4498-4506
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Feb 6 2004


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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