Inhibition of nonsense-mediated mRNA decay by the natural product pateamine a through eukaryotic initiation factor 4AIII

Yongjun Dang, Woon Kai Low, Jing Xu, Niels H. Gehring, Harry C. Dietz, Daniel Romo, Jun O. Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) in mammalian cells is a key mechanism for the removal of mRNA containing premature stop codons and is mediated by the coordinated function of numerous proteins that dynamically associate with the exon junction complex. The information communicated by these interactions and the functional consequences from a mechanistic perspective, however, are not completely documented. Herein, we report that the natural product pateamine A (PatA) is capable of inhibiting NMD through direct interaction with eIF4AIII, which is independent of its inhibition of translation initiation. Furthermore, we have characterized the mechanisms by which PatA and cycloheximide modulateNMD.Unlike CHX, PatA was found to inhibit NMD by a novel mechanism that is independent of the phosphorylation of Up-frameshift protein 1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23613-23621
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume284
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 28 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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