We have previously demonstrated that pharmacological concentrations of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) such as indomethacin, acetylsalicylic acid, and meclofenamic acid enhance IgE-mediated histamine release (HR) from human basophils. We have now examined the effects of nimesulide (NIM), a new NSAID, on mediator release from human basophils. Preincubation (10 min at 37°C) of basophils with pharmacological concentrations (10-6-10-3M) of NIM resulted in a concentration-dependent decrease of HR induced by anti-IgE, the Ca2+-ionophore A23187 and the formylated tripeptide f-Met-Leu-Phe (FMLP). Maximal inhibition of anti-IgE-induced HR was achieved after preincubation with 10-4M NIM and ranged between 14.5% and 44.5% (mean±SEM, 29.7±4.5%). The drug had a marked inhibitory effect on HR from basophils induced by A23187 (80.6±5.5%), FMLP (63.5±10.3%), 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (57.0±8.7%) and bryostatin 1 (65.7±7.6%). NIM also inhibited the IgE-mediated synthesis of peptide leukotriene C4 from basophils.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)