The antiproliferative effects of somatostatin on hepatocytes stimulated by hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) or epidermal growth factor (EGF) were investigated using primary cultures of adult rat hepatocytes. Somatostatin inhibits HGF-induced (at a dose of 10 ng/mL) or EGF-induced (at a dose of 100 ng/mL) 3 H-thymidine incorporation into hepatocytes in a dose-dependent manner (10 -10 to 10 -8 M). This inhibition was confirmed by autoradiography. The effect of somatostatin was nontoxic as judged by preserved albumin synthesis, a marker for differentiated hepatocyte function. In the presence or absence of somatostatin, neither HGF nor EGF significantly altered intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). We conclude that somatostatin is a potent inhibitor of HGF-or EGF-induced deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis in adult rat hepatocytes. The mechanism of this inhibition appears to be independent of cAMP. The significance of somatostatin in liver regeneration has yet to be.
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