Inhibition Drives Early Feature-Based Attention

Jeff Moher, Balaji M. Lakshmanan, Howard E Egeth, Joshua Benjamin Ewen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Attention can modulate processing of visual input according to task-relevant features, even as early as approximately 100 ms after stimulus presentation. In the present study, event-related potential and behavioral data revealed that inhibition of distractor features, rather than activation of target features, is the primary driver of early feature-based selection in human observers. This discovery of inhibition consistent with task goals during early visual processing suggests that inhibition plays a much larger role at an earlier stage of target selection than previously recognized. It also highlights the importance of understanding the role of inhibition (in addition to activation) in attention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-324
Number of pages10
JournalPsychological Science
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Evoked Potentials

Keywords

  • event-related potentials
  • evoked potentials
  • feature-based attention
  • inhibition
  • visual attention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Inhibition Drives Early Feature-Based Attention. / Moher, Jeff; Lakshmanan, Balaji M.; Egeth, Howard E; Ewen, Joshua Benjamin.

In: Psychological Science, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2014, p. 315-324.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moher, Jeff ; Lakshmanan, Balaji M. ; Egeth, Howard E ; Ewen, Joshua Benjamin. / Inhibition Drives Early Feature-Based Attention. In: Psychological Science. 2014 ; Vol. 25, No. 2. pp. 315-324.
@article{62fe340352ff4f34ba7458e841a2911b,
title = "Inhibition Drives Early Feature-Based Attention",
abstract = "Attention can modulate processing of visual input according to task-relevant features, even as early as approximately 100 ms after stimulus presentation. In the present study, event-related potential and behavioral data revealed that inhibition of distractor features, rather than activation of target features, is the primary driver of early feature-based selection in human observers. This discovery of inhibition consistent with task goals during early visual processing suggests that inhibition plays a much larger role at an earlier stage of target selection than previously recognized. It also highlights the importance of understanding the role of inhibition (in addition to activation) in attention.",
keywords = "event-related potentials, evoked potentials, feature-based attention, inhibition, visual attention",
author = "Jeff Moher and Lakshmanan, {Balaji M.} and Egeth, {Howard E} and Ewen, {Joshua Benjamin}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1177/0956797613511257",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "25",
pages = "315--324",
journal = "Psychological Science",
issn = "0956-7976",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Inhibition Drives Early Feature-Based Attention

AU - Moher, Jeff

AU - Lakshmanan, Balaji M.

AU - Egeth, Howard E

AU - Ewen, Joshua Benjamin

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Attention can modulate processing of visual input according to task-relevant features, even as early as approximately 100 ms after stimulus presentation. In the present study, event-related potential and behavioral data revealed that inhibition of distractor features, rather than activation of target features, is the primary driver of early feature-based selection in human observers. This discovery of inhibition consistent with task goals during early visual processing suggests that inhibition plays a much larger role at an earlier stage of target selection than previously recognized. It also highlights the importance of understanding the role of inhibition (in addition to activation) in attention.

AB - Attention can modulate processing of visual input according to task-relevant features, even as early as approximately 100 ms after stimulus presentation. In the present study, event-related potential and behavioral data revealed that inhibition of distractor features, rather than activation of target features, is the primary driver of early feature-based selection in human observers. This discovery of inhibition consistent with task goals during early visual processing suggests that inhibition plays a much larger role at an earlier stage of target selection than previously recognized. It also highlights the importance of understanding the role of inhibition (in addition to activation) in attention.

KW - event-related potentials

KW - evoked potentials

KW - feature-based attention

KW - inhibition

KW - visual attention

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84893557297&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84893557297&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0956797613511257

DO - 10.1177/0956797613511257

M3 - Article

C2 - 24390823

AN - SCOPUS:84893557297

VL - 25

SP - 315

EP - 324

JO - Psychological Science

JF - Psychological Science

SN - 0956-7976

IS - 2

ER -