Introduction: Prevalence of fungi has been rising in the cystic fibrosis (CF) population. Scedosporium species (spp) is the second most common mold seen in the CF respiratory tract. However, the characteristics associated with Scedosporium isolation and its clinical implications are poorly understood. The goal of this study was to determine clinical factors associated with Scedosporium spp to better understand the mechanisms that may contribute to the emergence of filamentous fungi in CF. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of subjects followed in the CF Foundation Patient Registry between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2012. Patients under 6 years of age, history of solid organ transplantation, and insufficient respiratory culture data were excluded. We used a multivariable logistic regression model to determine demographic data and baseline disease characteristics, medications and co-infections associated with Scedosporium spp recovery in CF sputum. Results: Among 19 023 subjects, prevalence of Scedosporium spp was 615 (3.2%). Older age (odds ratio [OR] 1.16, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.07, 1.26) and white race (OR 1.69, 95% CI 1.09, 2.63) were the demographic factors associated with Scedosporium spp isolation. Inhaled antibiotic use had a significant association with Scedosporium isolation (OR 2.01, 95% CI 1.61, 2.52). For every additional course of intravenous antibiotics, the odds of Scedosporium isolation increased by 8% (OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.03, 1.14). Conclusions: The association between inhaled antibiotics and Scedosporium informs us that chronic inhaled antibiotics may be playing a role in Scedosporium isolation. Further investigation to better characterize this relationship is necessary.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine