Inhalation Injuries

Steven J. Schwartz, Hardin Pantle, Nathaniel McQuay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Smoke inhalation remains a serious and life-threatening problem in the pediatric population, with the combination of thermal injury and inhaled toxins triggering a cascade of morbidity and mortality. Consensus on how to manage children with smoke inhalation is problematic because there are no uniform definitions or diagnostic criteria and few interventions have been subjected to randomized controlled trials. Additionally, each fire produces a slightly different toxic profile, and the physiology of pediatric patients uniquely affects their response to smoke inhalation. Young children are most at risk because of their low physiological reserve, while small children are especially vulnerable because they are less likely to escape a confined space. Infants and children are at increased risk for toxic exposures because of their higher minute ventilation, while the relatively smaller diameter of the pediatric airway predisposes to airway obstruction due to edema and obstructing material. This article summarizes the clinical presentation and pathophysiology of pediatric smoke inhalation, and also reviews initial treatment strategies regarding intubation, ventilator management, and pharmacologic adjuncts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-171
Number of pages9
JournalICU Director
Volume2
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Fingerprint

Smoke
Inhalation
Pediatrics
Poisons
Wounds and Injuries
Confined Spaces
Airway Obstruction
Mechanical Ventilators
Intubation
Ventilation
Edema
Randomized Controlled Trials
Hot Temperature
Morbidity
Mortality
Population
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • flames
  • hypoxemia
  • inhalational injuries
  • respiratory failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Critical Care

Cite this

Schwartz, S. J., Pantle, H., & McQuay, N. (2011). Inhalation Injuries. ICU Director, 2(5), 163-171. https://doi.org/10.1177/1944451611416650

Inhalation Injuries. / Schwartz, Steven J.; Pantle, Hardin; McQuay, Nathaniel.

In: ICU Director, Vol. 2, No. 5, 09.2011, p. 163-171.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schwartz, SJ, Pantle, H & McQuay, N 2011, 'Inhalation Injuries', ICU Director, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 163-171. https://doi.org/10.1177/1944451611416650
Schwartz, Steven J. ; Pantle, Hardin ; McQuay, Nathaniel. / Inhalation Injuries. In: ICU Director. 2011 ; Vol. 2, No. 5. pp. 163-171.
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