Infusion rates and drug distribution in brain tumor models in rats

Andleeb Khan, George I. Jallo, Ya J. Liu, Benjamin S. Carson, Michael Guarnieri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Object. The aim of this study was to investigate the optimal delivery rates of chemotherapy for the treatment of central nervous system tumors and to determine whether local delivery can lower toxicity profiles and increase target concentrations of chemotherapy. Methods. The authors used two brain tumor models in rats. Slow (1 μl/hour) and fast (10 μl/hour) pumps were used to deliver chemotherapy - carboplatin, doxorubicin, and a high-molecular-weight transferrin-doxorubicin conjugate to the brains of normal rats and rats previously injected with F98 or 9L rat brain tumor cells. Brains were cut in 1-mm sections rostral and caudal from the infusion point. Slices were analyzed for doxorubicin and platinum by fluorescence and atomic absorption, respectively. In the normal tissues, the volume of drug distribution is generally greater at the faster flow rate. In abnormal tissues, distribution is similar at slow and fast infusion rates for low-molecular-weight drugs and greater at slow rates for a high-molecular-weight targeted toxin. Conclusions. After local administration the distribution of chemotherapy appears to be significantly influenced by tumor metabolism. Additional studies are needed to determine the optimal delivery rates for the interaction of the drug with the targeted tumor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-58
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of neurosurgery
Volume102 PEDIATRICS
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005

Keywords

  • Brain
  • Central nervous system tumor
  • Chemotherapy
  • Infusion rate
  • Local delivery
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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