Informed and patient-centered decision-making in the primary care visits of African Americans with depression

Anika L. Hines, Debra Roter, Bri K. Ghods Dinoso, Kathryn Anne Carson, Gail L Daumit, Lisa A Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: We examined the prevalence and extent of informed decision-making (IDM) and patient-centered decision-making (PCDM) in primary care visits of African Americans with depression. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of audiotaped clinical encounters and post-visit surveys of 76 patients and their clinicians. We used RIAS to characterize patient-centeredness of visit dialogue. IDM entailed discussion of 3 components: the nature of the decision, alternatives, and pros/cons. PCDM entailed discussion of: lifestyle/coping strategies, knowledge/beliefs, or treatment concerns. We examined the association of IDM and PCDM with visit duration, overall patient-centeredness, and patient/clinician interpersonal ratings. Results: Approximately one-quarter of medication and counseling decisions included essential IDM elements and 40% included at least one PCDM element. In high patient-centered visits, IDM was associated with patients feeling respected in counseling and liking clinicians in medication decisions. IDM was not related to clinician ratings. In low patient-centered visits, PCDM in counseling decisions was positively associated with patients feeling respected and clinicians respecting patients. Conclusions: The associations between IDM and PCDM with interpersonal ratings was moderated by overall patient-centeredness of the visit, which may be indicative of broader cross-cultural communication issues. Practice implications: Strengthening partnerships between depressed African Americans and their clinicians may improve patient-engaged decision-making.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

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Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Depression
  • Informed decision-making
  • Patient-centeredness
  • Primary care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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