Informal Caregiver Characteristics Associated with Viral Load Suppression Among Current or Former Injection Drug Users Living with HIV/AIDS

Mary M. Mitchell, Allysha C. Robinson, Trang Q. Nguyen, Amy R. Knowlton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Few studies have examined the association between having an informal (unpaid) caregiver and viral suppression among persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) who are on antiretroviral therapy. The current study examined relationships between caregivers’ individual and social network characteristics and care recipient viral suppression. Baseline data were from the BEACON study caregivers and their HIV seropositive former or current drug using care recipients, of whom 89 % were African American (N = 258 dyads). Using adjusted logistic regression, care recipient’s undetectable viral load was positively associated with caregiver’s limited physical functioning and negatively associated with caregivers having few family members to turn to for problem solving, a greater number of current drug users in their network, and poorer perceptions of the care recipient’s mental health. Results further understandings of interpersonal relationship factors important to PLHIV’s health outcomes, and the need for caregiving relationship-focused intervention to promote viral suppression among PLHIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2117-2122
Number of pages6
JournalAIDS and behavior
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

Keywords

  • Care recipients
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Informal caregivers
  • Social networks
  • Viral load and suppression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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