Informal care and reciprocity of support are associated with HAART adherence among men in baltimore, MD, USA

Amy Ruth Knowlton, Cui Yang, Amy Bohnert, Lawrence S Wissow, Geetanjali Chander, Julia A. Arnsten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Research suggests gender differences in interpersonal relationship factors important to health. This study examined relationship factors associated with HAART adherence among men. The sample (n = 154) comprised 95% African Americans and 48% current illicit drug users; 83% reported HAART adherence. Results revealed adherence was associated with comfort level taking HAART in the presence of close friends, and the interaction between informal care (having someone to care for oneself when sick in bed) and reciprocity of support. Among those with informal care, higher reciprocity of support to caregivers was associated with greater adherence. Promoting men's reciprocity of support to their caregivers and enhancing peer norms of medication taking are important strategies for improving men's adherence. The findings complement previous findings on relationship factors adversely associated with women's adherence. Results suggest the merit of interventions targeting men and their informal caregivers, particularly main partners, and gender-specific, contextually tailored strategies to promote HAART adherence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1429-1436
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011

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Baltimore
Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
Patient Care
Caregivers
Street Drugs
Drug Users
African Americans
Health
Research

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Highly active antiretroviral therapy
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Informal caregiving
  • Male gender
  • Reciprocity of social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Informal care and reciprocity of support are associated with HAART adherence among men in baltimore, MD, USA. / Knowlton, Amy Ruth; Yang, Cui; Bohnert, Amy; Wissow, Lawrence S; Chander, Geetanjali; Arnsten, Julia A.

In: AIDS and Behavior, Vol. 15, No. 7, 10.2011, p. 1429-1436.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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