Background. Previous research indicates that venous emptying serves as a stimulus for vasodilation in the human forearm. This suggests the importance of recognizing the potential influence of venous volume on reactive hyperemic blood flow (RHBF) following occlusion. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of venous emptying on forearm vascular function. Methods. Forearm RHBF, venous capacitance and venous outflow were examined in 35 individuals (age = 22 ± 2 years), using mercury in-Silastic strain gauge plethysmography, at rest and following five minutes of upper arm occlusion using standard procedures (Control). In addition, the same measures were obtained following five minutes of upper arm occlusion preceded by two minutes of passive arm elevation (Pre-elevation). Results. Average resting arterial inflow was 2.42 ± 1.11 ml·100 ml-1·min-1. RHBF and venous capacitance were significantly greater during Pre-elevation compared to Control (RHBF; Pre-elevation: 23.76 ± 5.95 ml·100 ml -1·min-1 vs. Control: 19.33 ± 4.50; p = 0.001), (venous capacitance; Pre-elevation: 2.74 ± 0.89 % vs. Control: 2.19 ± 0.97, p = 0.001). Venous outflow did not differ between the two conditions. Conclusion. Venous emptying prior to upper arm occlusion results in a significant greater RHBF response and venous capacitance. Recognition of the influence of venous volume on RHBF is particularly important in studies focusing on arterial inflow, and also provides further evidence for the interplay between the venous and arterial system.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine