Influence of leptin in the development of hepatic fibrosis produced in mice by Schistosoma mansoni infection and by chronic carbon tetrachloride administration

James J. Potter, Lynda Rennie-Tankesley, Esteban Mezey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background/Aims: Leptin, a product of the obese (ob) gene is present in activated stellate cells. This study investigated whether leptin is essential for the development of hepatic fibrosis caused by various agents. Methods: Control and ob/ob mice were infected with Schistosoma mansoni or were administered chronic carbon tetrachloride to cause hepatic fibrosis. Results: Fibrosis developed in both ob/ob and control mice. However, the amount of histologically detectable fibrosis and the increase in liver hydroxyproline content was significantly greater in both models of fibrosis for treated controls than for treated ob/ob mice. Fibrosis was associated with higher secretion of TGFβ1 from spleen cells of treated control than treated ob/ob mice. Chronic leptin administration in ob/ob mice infected with Schistosoma mansoni resulted in an increase in the amount of fibrosis caused by Schistosoma mansoni, eliminating any significant differences in the amount of fibrosis between infected ob/ob mice and control mice. It also eliminated any significant difference in TGFβ1 secretion between the infected ob/ob and infected control mice. Conclusions: This study shows that leptin deficiency decreases but does not eliminate hepatic fibrosis produced by Schistosoma mansoni and carbon tetrachloride administration. The effect of leptin in potentiating fibrogenesis is most likely mediated by TGFβ1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)281-288
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hepatology
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003

Keywords

  • Hepatic fibrosis
  • Leptin
  • Schistosoma mansoni
  • Transforming growth factor β

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

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