Influence of estrogen and progesterone treatment on ovarian contractility in the monkey

A. Diaz Infante, K. H. Wright, E. E. Wallach

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Five female rhesus monkeys were treated with natural estrogens, 5 mg/day for 3 wk, after which ovarian contractility was studied in vitro in one of the ovaries. Estrogen treatment was followed by progesterone, 25 mg/day for 3 wk after which the contractility of the remaining ovary was similarly measured. Responses to autonomic agents and prostaglandins were studied in both groups. Spontaneous ovarian contractility and ovarian contractile responsiveness to prostaglandins and norepinephrine were enhanced after progesterone treatment. Cholinergic agonists had a stimulatory effect after progesterone and an inhibitory effect after estrogen. These results suggest that ovarian contractile responsiveness is modified by the local steroid environment, perhaps through intracellular changes in cyclic AMP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-110
Number of pages10
JournalFertility and sterility
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1975


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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