Purpose: To investigate the editing-pulse flip angle (FA) dependence of editing efficiency and ultimately to maximize the edited signal of commonly edited MR spectroscopy (MRS) signals, such as gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and lactate. Methods: Density-matrix simulations were performed for a range of spin systems to find the editing-pulse FA for maximal editing efficiency. Simulations were confirmed by phantom experiments and in vivo measurements in 10 healthy participants using a 3T Philips scanner. Four MEGA-PRESS in vivo measurements targeting GABA+ and lactate were performed, comparing the conventional editing-pulse FA (FA = 180°) to the optimal one suggested by simulations (FA = 210°). Results: Simulations and phantom experiments show that edited GABA and lactate signals are maximal at FA = 210°. Compared to conventional editing (FA = 180°), in vivo signals from GABA+ and lactate signals increase on average by 8.5% and 9.3%, respectively. Conclusion: Increasing the FA of editing-pulses in the MEGA-PRESS experiment from 180° to 210° increases the edited signals from GABA+ and lactate by about 9% in vivo.
- edited MRS
- flip angle
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging