PURPOSE: To report inflow of extraocular fluid after phacoemulsification with use of sutureless corneal incisions. DESIGN: Interventional case series. METHODS: setting: Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland. patients: Eight patients (three women), aged 58 to 91 years, showing minimal bleeding from the limbal capillary bed during phacoemulsification. intervention: Surgery was performed through a 2.8-mm limbal incision. External pressure simulating patient manipulation was applied before and after wound hydrosealing with an irrigation cannula. main outcome measures: Inflow of blood-tinged tear fluid into the anterior chamber through the wound was monitored by using digital video. RESULTS: Inflow of extraocular fluid was observed in all eyes when the cannula was released, even after wound hydrosealing. Two patients showed spontaneous fluid inflow. CONCLUSIONS: Tested sutureless corneal incisions allow inflow of extraocular fluid into the anterior chamber after phacoemulsification. This may permit intraocular contamination leading to endophthalmitis.
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