Infection with human t lymphotropic virus types i and ii in sexually transmitted disease clinics in Baltimore and New Orleans

Stefan Z. Wiktor, Robert O. Cannon, William L. Atkinson, Brobson Lutz, Edward W. Hook, William A. Blattner, Thomas C. Quinn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Patients attending sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in Baltimore (n = 4880) and New Orleans (n = 1054) were surveyed in 1987 to estimate the prevalence of human T lymphotropic virus (HTLV)-I/II infection. In Baltimore, 0.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.2-1.1) were HTLV-I/II-seropositive and 4.9% were human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1)-positive. In New Orleans, 1.8% (CI, 1.2-2.9) of sera were HTLV-I/ll-seropositive and 5.1% were HIV-I -seropositive. In both cities, HTLV-I/II prevalence increased significantly with age, and the New Orleans age- and sex-adjusted HTLV-1/11 prevalence was significantly higher than that of Baltimore (P <.001). In Baltimore, almost all HTLV-I/II seropositivity was associated with a history of parenteral drug use or sexual contact with partners who were drug users or male homosexuals. In addition, individuals in both cities who were seropositive for HIV-1 or syphilis were significantly more likely to be HTLV-I/II-seropositive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)920-924
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume165
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Infection with human t lymphotropic virus types i and ii in sexually transmitted disease clinics in Baltimore and New Orleans'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this