Agents that activate cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) as well as agents that increase intracellular calcium induce the expression of certain immediate early genes (IEGs). Recently, it has been demonstrated that the same cis-acting element in the 5′ region of the c-fos gene has the ability to mediate both cAMP- and calcium-induced c-fos expression in PC12 cells (Sheng, M., McFadden, G., and Greenberg, M. (1990) Neuron 4, 571-582). Here we demonstrate that both cAMP-and calcium-mediated induction of c-fos and egr1 are dependent on PKA activity. Addition of either depolarizing concentrations of KCl or the calcium ionophore, ionomycin, to PC12 cells increased the expression of both c-fos and egr1, but these inductions were dramatically reduced in three PKA-deficient cell lines, 123.7, AB.11, and A126-1B2. Furthermore, pretreatment of PC12 cells with 20 μM H89, a specific inhibitor of PKA, inhibited forskolin, dibutyryl cAMP, and KCl-induced c-fos and egr1 induction, while having no effect on NGF induction. Likewise, in the PKA-deficient cells, NGF or an activator of protein kinase C induced c-fos and egr1 normally. To determine if PKA deficiency modifies the ability of Ca2+ to activate calcium-dependent kinases, autophosphorylation of multifunctional Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaM kinase) in response to Ca2+ influx was determined. In parental PC12 cells, PC12 cells pretreated with H89, and PKA-deficient cell lines, CaM kinase was activated equivalently in response to KCl depolarization. These results suggest that PKA is not required for Ca2+-induced increase in CaM kinase activity and that the induction of IEGs in response to Ca2+ influx is PKA-dependent. Thus, the requirement for PKA resides at a point distal to the activation of calmodulin-dependent processes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Sep 15 1991|
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