Components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) can regulate leukocyte activation and function at inflammatory sites. Low molecular weight fragments of the ECM glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan (LMW-HA) that accumulate in inflammation, but not the ubiquitous high molecular weight form of HA (HMW-HA), have been shown to induce cytokine and/or chemokine production by alveolar and bone-marrow derived macrophages. To determine the cellular requirements for responsiveness to HA, we compared the effects of HMW-HA and LMW-HA on resident and thioglycollate-elicited murine peritoneal macrophages. We demonstrate that treatment of elicited macrophages with LMW-HA, but not with HMW-HA, stimulated production of the chemokines RANTES and macrophage inflammatory protein-1α and -1β. Further, we demonstrate that LMW-HA induced the production of biologically active IL-12, a proinflammatory cytokine not previously known to be regulated by cell-matrix interactions. The LMW-HA-induced production of IL-12 by elicited macrophages was inhibited by an anti-CD44 mAb that blocks HA binding. In contrast to elicited macrophages, freshly explanted resident peritoneal macrophages did not respond to LMW-HA. However, preculture in vitro before stimulation led to adhesion-dependent priming for LMW-HA-induced cytokine and chemokine production by resident macrophages. These results provide further evidence of the potential importance of CD44/ LMW-HA interactions in regulating the immune response at sites of inflammation and demonstrate that the state of differen-. tiation of macrophages may determine their sensitivities to matrix components.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy