Human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 has been implicated in the etiology of cervical carcinomas, but it is unknown whether HPV-specific immunity can function in controlling the growth of HPV-associated carcinomas. We previously demonstrated that CD8+ T lymphocytes can inhibit the in vivo outgrowth of murine tumor cells transfected with the HPV-16 E7 gene and have now established a murine model to study the CTL responses to the E6 oncoprotein of HPV-16. Immunization of C3H/HeN mice with syngeneic fibroblasts expressing a transfected HPV-16 E6 gene induced regression of transplanted tumors expressing this gene. Populations of CTL isolated from the spleens of mice whose E6+ tumors had regressed were shown to specifically lyse E6+ target cells. The cytolytic activity was mediated by CD8+ CTL in a MHC-restricted pattern. These data and our previous findings with transfected tumor cells expressing the E7 gene, support the conclusion that tumor cells associated with HPV-16 can be inhibited by CTL specific for molecules encoded by the HPV-16 E6 and E7 genes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Apr 15 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas