Inducible nitric oxide synthase activity is essential for inhibition of prostatic tumor growth by interferon-Β gene therapy

M. V. Olson, J. Lee, F. Zhang, A. Wang, Z. Dong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have previously reported that adenoviral vector-mediated interferon (IFN)-Β gene therapy inhibits orthotopic growth of human prostate cancer cells in nude mice. The purpose of this study was to determine efficacy and mechanisms of this therapy in immune-competent mice. TRAMP-C2Re3 mouse prostate cancer cells infected with 100 multiplicity of infection (MOI) of adenoviral vector encoding for mouse IFN-Β (AdmIFN-Β), but not AdE/1 (a control adenoviral vector), produced approximately 60 ng/105 cells/24 h of IFN-Β. The tumorigenicity of AdmIFN-Β-transduced cells was dramatically reduced in the prostates of C57BL/6 mice. A single intratumoral injection of 2 × 109 PFU (plaque-forming unit) of AdmIFN-Β inhibited tumor growth by 70% and prolonged survival of tumor-bearing mice. Intriguingly, this AdmIFN-Β therapy did not alter the growth of tumors in inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-null C57BL/6 mice. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that treatment of tumors with AdmIFN-Β in wild-type C57BL/6 mice led to increased iNOS expression, decreased microvessel density, decreased cell proliferation, and increased apoptosis. Furthermore, quantitative reverse-transcriptional PCR analysis showed that AdmIFN-Β therapy, in C57BL/6 but not the iNOS-null counterparts, reduced levels of the mRNAs for angiopoietin, basic fibroblast growth factor, matrix metalloproteinase-9, transforming growth factor-Β1, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, and VEGF-B, as well as the antiapoptotic molecule endothelin-1. These data indicated that IFN-Β gene therapy could be effective alternative for the treatment of locally advanced prostate cancer and suggest an obligatory role of NO in IFN-Β antitumoral effects in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)676-685
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Gene Therapy
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 17 2006

Keywords

  • Adenoviral vectors
  • Angiogenesis
  • Interferon-β
  • Nitric oxide synthase
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

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