Inducible and conditional transgenic mouse models of schizophrenia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Schizophrenia is a devastating disorder. Despite the advance in research techniques in the last couple of decades, the pathogenesis of the disorder still remains poorly understood. Given the lack of pathognomonic feature of the disease and difficulty to analyze molecular pathways in patients, animal models have been instrumental in advancing our understanding of the disease. Recent progress in genetics has indentified candidate susceptibility genes for schizophrenia, and generation of new genetic animal models has begun to provide valuable insights into the disease development. However, the complex neurodevelopmental and heterogeneous nature of schizophrenia still poses tremendous challenges for creating credible mouse models. In this review, we will discuss how current genetic systems of temporal and conditional regulation of gene expression have shed lights on the functions of the candidate genes in mouse models of schizophrenia. We also consider the strength and weaknesses of each model. We will argue that further development of more sophisticated genetic animal models is crucial for clarifying the unknowns of schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-47
Number of pages13
JournalProgress in brain research
Volume179
Issue numberC
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

Keywords

  • Animal model
  • DISC1
  • Dopamine
  • Genetics
  • Schizophrenia
  • Tet-off system
  • cAMP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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