Indications and complications of rigid bronchoscopy

Hitesh Batra, Lonny Yarmus

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Introduction: Rigid bronchoscopy is an invaluable tool for the management of airway disorders and an essential skill for an interventional pulmonologist. Since its introduction in the late 19th century, it has remained an important technique for the management of central airway obstruction, foreign body aspiration and massive hemoptysis. Areas covered: This article will review the history, indications, contraindication, technique and complications of rigid bronchoscopy. We will also briefly discuss the methods of anesthesia and ventilation and finally our perspective on the future of rigid bronchoscopy. Expert commentary: Although the rise of flexible bronchoscopy in the 1960s led to a decline in the use of rigid bronchoscopy, the last two decades have witnessed resurgence in its popularity. We anticipate that it will remain an important tool used by interventional pulmonologists for decades to come. We suggest that interventional pulmonologists must have training and develop expertise in this technique.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)509-520
Number of pages12
JournalExpert review of respiratory medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 3 2018


  • Rigid bronchoscopy
  • central airway obstruction
  • endobronchial tumor
  • foreign body removal
  • massive hemoptysis
  • rigid intubation
  • therapeutic bronchoscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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