Background. Radioactive iodine is used to identify and treat recurrent and metastatic thyroid cancer of follicular cell origin. Between 30% and 40% of thyroid cancers are either resistant or become resistant to sadioactive iodine. Increased sodium-iodide symporter (NIS) and decreased Pendrin (PDS) activity may be associated with increased radioactive iodine effectiveness. In this investigation the effects of Trichostatin A (TSA), a histone deacetylating inhibitor, on human thyroid NIS and PDS gene expression was investigated. Method. Cell lines from papillary, Hürthle, and follicular cell carcinomas were treated with TSA for 72 hours at concentrations up to 100 ng/mL. NIS and PDS gene expression was determined using quantitative RT-polymerase chain reaction. Results. NIS messenger RNA expression in cell carcinomas was increased 107- (1.8-307) and 217- (5.7-408) fold in papillary, 39- (20-63) and 58- (37-80) fold in Hürthle, and 459- (178-810) and 781- (412-1229) fold in follicular after treatment with 50 and 100 ng/mL of TSA, respectively. PDS messenger RNA expression in cell carcinomas was decreased 0.22- (0.05-0.45) and 0.27- (0.09-0.47) fold in papillary, 0.53- (0.46-0.60) and 0.54- (0.44-0.64) fold in Hürthle, and 0.32- (0.26-0.39) and 0.56- (0.47-0.64) fold in follicular, after the same treatment. Conclusions. In thyroid cancer cell lines, TSA dramatically increased NIS gene expression and reduced PDS expression. The increased NIS expression and reduced PDS expression may make radioiodine therapy more effective in patients with thyroid cancer, especially when the tumors have no or low uptake of radioiodine.
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