Increasing Maternal Employment Influences Child Overweight/Obesity Among Ethnically Diverse Families

Anna K. Ettinger, Anne W Riley, Carmel E. Price

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Maternal employment is associated with child overweight/obesity, but the mechanisms influencing this relationship are not clear among diverse populations. We examined the effects of employment and parenting variables on child overweight/obesity among low-income Black and Latino families. Using longitudinal data from the Three-City Study, we analyzed the effects of maternal employment and nonstandard work schedule on child overweight/obesity and examined time away from children, parenting stress, and parenting practices as potential mediators. Mothers who increased their work hours during preschool years had children with approximately 2.6 times the odds of overweight/obesity compared to mothers who did not change their work status. Time away from children partially mediated the association between employment and child overweight/obesity. More consistent family routines were associated with a 61% decline in odds of child overweight/obesity. Early increases in maternal employment elevated the odds of child overweight/obesity, but regular family routines reduced the odds of overweight/obesity among school-age children in low-income Black and Latino families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Family Issues
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Mar 1 2018

Fingerprint

low income
effect on employment
school
time

Keywords

  • Black and Latino families
  • childhood obesity
  • family routines
  • low-income families
  • maternal employment
  • parenting practices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Increasing Maternal Employment Influences Child Overweight/Obesity Among Ethnically Diverse Families. / Ettinger, Anna K.; Riley, Anne W; Price, Carmel E.

In: Journal of Family Issues, 01.03.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ef972d586178412381f228aa45572b99,
title = "Increasing Maternal Employment Influences Child Overweight/Obesity Among Ethnically Diverse Families",
abstract = "Maternal employment is associated with child overweight/obesity, but the mechanisms influencing this relationship are not clear among diverse populations. We examined the effects of employment and parenting variables on child overweight/obesity among low-income Black and Latino families. Using longitudinal data from the Three-City Study, we analyzed the effects of maternal employment and nonstandard work schedule on child overweight/obesity and examined time away from children, parenting stress, and parenting practices as potential mediators. Mothers who increased their work hours during preschool years had children with approximately 2.6 times the odds of overweight/obesity compared to mothers who did not change their work status. Time away from children partially mediated the association between employment and child overweight/obesity. More consistent family routines were associated with a 61{\%} decline in odds of child overweight/obesity. Early increases in maternal employment elevated the odds of child overweight/obesity, but regular family routines reduced the odds of overweight/obesity among school-age children in low-income Black and Latino families.",
keywords = "Black and Latino families, childhood obesity, family routines, low-income families, maternal employment, parenting practices",
author = "Ettinger, {Anna K.} and Riley, {Anne W} and Price, {Carmel E.}",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0192513X18760968",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of Family Issues",
issn = "0192-513X",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Increasing Maternal Employment Influences Child Overweight/Obesity Among Ethnically Diverse Families

AU - Ettinger, Anna K.

AU - Riley, Anne W

AU - Price, Carmel E.

PY - 2018/3/1

Y1 - 2018/3/1

N2 - Maternal employment is associated with child overweight/obesity, but the mechanisms influencing this relationship are not clear among diverse populations. We examined the effects of employment and parenting variables on child overweight/obesity among low-income Black and Latino families. Using longitudinal data from the Three-City Study, we analyzed the effects of maternal employment and nonstandard work schedule on child overweight/obesity and examined time away from children, parenting stress, and parenting practices as potential mediators. Mothers who increased their work hours during preschool years had children with approximately 2.6 times the odds of overweight/obesity compared to mothers who did not change their work status. Time away from children partially mediated the association between employment and child overweight/obesity. More consistent family routines were associated with a 61% decline in odds of child overweight/obesity. Early increases in maternal employment elevated the odds of child overweight/obesity, but regular family routines reduced the odds of overweight/obesity among school-age children in low-income Black and Latino families.

AB - Maternal employment is associated with child overweight/obesity, but the mechanisms influencing this relationship are not clear among diverse populations. We examined the effects of employment and parenting variables on child overweight/obesity among low-income Black and Latino families. Using longitudinal data from the Three-City Study, we analyzed the effects of maternal employment and nonstandard work schedule on child overweight/obesity and examined time away from children, parenting stress, and parenting practices as potential mediators. Mothers who increased their work hours during preschool years had children with approximately 2.6 times the odds of overweight/obesity compared to mothers who did not change their work status. Time away from children partially mediated the association between employment and child overweight/obesity. More consistent family routines were associated with a 61% decline in odds of child overweight/obesity. Early increases in maternal employment elevated the odds of child overweight/obesity, but regular family routines reduced the odds of overweight/obesity among school-age children in low-income Black and Latino families.

KW - Black and Latino families

KW - childhood obesity

KW - family routines

KW - low-income families

KW - maternal employment

KW - parenting practices

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85044088161&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85044088161&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0192513X18760968

DO - 10.1177/0192513X18760968

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85044088161

JO - Journal of Family Issues

JF - Journal of Family Issues

SN - 0192-513X

ER -