Increases in correct administration of chloroquine in the home and referral of sick children to health facilities through a community-based intervention in Bougouni District, Mali

P. J. Winch, A. Bagayoko, A. Diawara, M. Kané, F. Thiéro, K. Gilroy, Z. Daou, Z. Berthé, E. Swedberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Save the Children/USA in collaboration with the Ministry of Health of Mali has established over 300 village drug kits in southern Mali since 1996. A cluster-randomized trial was conducted between November 2001 and February 2002 in 10 health zones of Bougouni District to evaluate an intervention to (i) improve the skills of the village drug kit managers to counsel parents on correct home administration of chloroquine (CQ), and (ii) increase the referral of sick children to community health centres (CHC). Children's carers were interviewed 5 d after the sale of CQ about knowledge of danger signs requiring referral, quality of counselling, administration of CQ, and referral. The intervention was associated with significant increases in knowledge of danger signs requiring referral, reported quality of counselling by the manger of the drug kit, and correct administration of CQ in the home. Parents reported that 42.1% of children in the intervention group were referred to the CHC by the drug kit manager compared with 11.2% in the comparison group (odds ratio = 7.12, 95% CI 2.62-19.38). CHC registers indicated that 87.0% of referrals recorded in drug kit referral notebooks arrived at the health centre. Further research is needed to increase the effectiveness of the counselling and the community referral mechanism tested in this study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)481-490
Number of pages10
JournalTransactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume97
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2003

Keywords

  • Chloroquine
  • Cluster-randomized trials
  • Compliance
  • Integrated Management of Childhood Illness
  • Malaria
  • Mali

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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