Background-Remodeling of the injured vascular wall is dependent on the action of several extracellular proteases. Previous studies have shown that expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) is upregulated after vascular injury and that MMP-2 is required for the migration of cultured vascular smooth muscle cells across complex extracellular matrix barriers. The present study examined changes in the expression of membrane- type metalloproteinase (MT-MMP-1), a putative regulator of MMP-2, in the tissue localization of MMP-2, and in the expression of activated and latent forms of MMP-2 and the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases, TIMP-2, in rat carotid arteries subjected to balloon catheter injury. Methods and Results- MT-MMP-1 mRNA levels increased sixfold after 3 days of injury, coinciding with an increase in MMP-2 activation assessed by gelatin zymography. Western blotting and gelatin zymography showed an increase in MMP-2 protein levels beginning 5 to 7 days after injury; immunocytochemistry and Western blotting showed that the increase occurred preferentially in the developing neointima. Conclusions-These results show that increased expression of MT-MMP-1 and activation of MMP-2 occurs early after injury to the rat carotid artery and that at later times MMP-2 is preferentially localized to the developing neointima.
- Carotid arteries
- Extracellular matrix
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)