Monocytes expressing the Fcε receptor II (CD23) play important roles in inflammatory and allergic immune responses. We found that peripheral blood monocytes of AIDS patients express increased levels of CD23, compared with monocytes of healthy HIV-1-seronegative individuals (controls) (p < 0.05). We compared expression of monocyte CD23 with expression of monocyte Fcγ receptors (CD16, CD32, CD64), plasma/serum levels of IgE (also IgM, IgG, IgA), and Th1 (IFN-γ) and Th2 (IL-4, IL-10) cytokines. We found that monocyte CD23 expression directly correlated with monocyte CD16 expression (p < 0.01, R = 0.58), which was also increased in AIDS patients; there was no correlation with CD32 or CD64 or with soluble factors in plasma/serum (i.e., IgE, IL-4, IL-10, and IFN-γ). Interestingly, despite the known ability of IL-10 to downregulate monocyte CD23 expression, plasma IL-10 levels were increased in these AIDS patients compared with controls (p < 0.05). We thus evaluated the effect of AIDS and control plasma or rhIL-10 to regulate CD23 expression by monocytes in cultures (24 hr) of healthy human cells ± treatment with anti-IL-10R blocking antibody. We found that anti-IL-10R blocking antibody treatment had no effect on monocyte CD23 expression in cultures containing AIDS plasma, but increased monocyte CD23 expression in cultures containing control plasma (p < 0.05) or rhIL-10. In conclusion, the identification of increased monocyte CD23 expression in AIDS patients may further characterize the aberrant activated phenotype of monocytes during the immunopathogenesis of HIV-1 disease. Further, monocyte CD23 expression does not appear to be suppressed by the IL-10-enriched environment in AIDS.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases