Dynamic stiffness was measured in both adult and senescent Wistar rats using sinusoidal length perturbations from 17 to 40 Hz, superimposed on isometric contractions at and below L(max). The slope of the stiffness-tension relationship was found to be increased in senescent muscles of both sexes and at two different temperatures. The age dependence of the slope was independent of resting muscle length. The slope also exhibited frequency dependence and hysteresis that indicates the presence of viscoelasticity during activation. No age dependence was seen in peak active tension, peak dT/dt, or resting stiffness. The findings of this study, taken together with other studies that have shown a decreased shortening ability in the sensescent muscle, explain in part the maintenance of active tension development in the face of decreased shortening ability associated with the senescent muscle.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)