Increased cerebral blood flow on arterial spin labeling magnetic resonance imaging can localize to seizure focus in newborns: A report of 3 cases

Patrick Mabray, Rapeepat Thewamit, Matthew T. Whitehead, Amy Kao, Joseph Scafidi, William D. Gaillard, Taeun Chang, Tammy N. Tsuchida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Arterial spin labeling (ASL) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can assess cerebral blood flow (CBF) without using radiolabeled tracers. It is unknown whether regional increases in CBF on ASL MRI correlate with seizure location in newborns. We report 3 newborns with focal seizures localized on continuous video electroencephalogram (cEEG), anatomical brain MRI, and ASL MRI. Each patient underwent pseudocontinuous ASL with segmented 3-dimensional fast spin echo readout as part of standard care. Case 1 is a term male infant presenting with left temporal status epilepticus and recurrent cEEG seizures from an idiopathic large left intraventricular hemorrhage. ASL images demonstrated left mesial temporal lobe increased CBF. Case 2 is a late preterm male infant presenting with recurrent cEEG seizures due to focal right megalencephaly. Ictal EEG and ASL images coincided with the focal dysplasia. Case 3 is a dysmorphic term female infant with nonconvulsive partial status epilepticus identified by focal increased CBF of the left temporal lobe on ASL images. The area of increased CBF was within an area of extensive left hemisphere dysplasia. To our knowledge, this is the first report of regional increases in CBF on ASL MRI correlating with ictal cEEG in newborns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEpilepsia
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Arterial spin labeling
  • EEG
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Newborns
  • Seizures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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