An overexpression of plasma membrane 170-180 kDa P-glycoproteins is consistently found in multidrug-resistant (MDR) cell lines. In this study MRK-16, a monoclonal antibody (mAb) reacting with P-glycoprotein is used to study the putative functional role of this protein in vincristine (VCR) and daunorubicin (DNR) cellular accumulation in the MDR human ovarian carcinoma cell line 2780AD. We established that this cell line is highly cross-resistant to vincristine and daunomycin, related to a greatly reduced drug accumulation. Verapamil (Vp) (8 μM) caused a 3.6-fold increase in DNR as well as VCR accumulation. Exposition of 2780AD cells to MRK-16 led to an increase of 30% in cellular accumulation of VCR, both in normal growth medium as well as in medium without added glucose and with sodium azide, which largely depleted cellular ATP levels. No increase in DNR accumulation was found under these conditions. However, in the presence of 8 μM Vp, MRK-16 increased not only VCR but also DNR accumulation with about 30%. The relative increase of DNR accumulation was constant in a concentration range of 0.2-4 μM DNR. These data indicate that mAbs against P-glycoprotein might potentiate the action of calcium antagonists like Vp to increase cellular anthracycline accumulation.
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