Increase in arterial stiffness measures after bariatric surgery

Frances M. Wang, Chao Yang, Hirofumi Tanaka, Josef Coresh, Chiadi Ericson Ndumele, Kunihiro Matsushita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and aims: The relationship between obesity and arterial stiffness is complex, with a potential interaction by age (inverse association at younger age and positive at older age) and conflicting reports on the effect of lifestyle-based weight loss on arterial stiffness. Little is understood about post-bariatric surgery changes in arterial stiffness. This study aimed to examine post-bariatric surgery changes in arterial stiffness and identify factors associated with greater changes in arterial stiffness. Methods: In 72 patients (mean age 44.5 years, 72.2% female), we evaluated two arterial stiffness measures, cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and heart-ankle pulse wave velocity (haPWV), one month prior to and 6 months after bariatric surgery. Another follow-up visit was conducted 12 months after bariatric surgery in a subset of 58 participants. Results: Six months after bariatric surgery, an evident decrease was seen in body mass index, heart rate, and systolic blood pressure. In contrast, both CAVI and haPWV significantly increased at 6 months (+0.64 [0.42, 0.87] and +0.24 [0.04, 0.44] m/s, respectively). Among 58 patients with relevant data, CAVI and haPWV remained elevated 12 months after bariatric surgery (+0.80 [0.53, 1.07] and +0.40 [0.17, 0.62] m/s, respectively). Being non-diabetic and having larger decreases in post-surgery heart rate were independently associated with greater increases in post-surgical CAVI. Conclusions: Arterial stiffness measures, CAVI and haPWV, were elevated after bariatric surgery despite other favorable cardiometabolic changes. Further studies are necessary to elucidate the underlying mechanism and prognostic implications of this elevation in arterial stiffness measures after bariatric surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-23
Number of pages5
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume320
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Arterial stiffness
  • Bariatric surgery outcomes
  • Cardio-ankle vascular index
  • Obesity
  • Pulse wave velocity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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