Inclusive charged hadron elliptic flow in Au + Au collisions at √sNN=7.7-39 GeV

L. Adamczyk, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, A. V. Alakhverdyants, I. Alekseev, J. Alford, B. D. Anderson, C. D. Anson, D. Arkhipkin, E. Aschenauer, G. S. Averichev, J. Balewski, A. Banerjee, Z. Barnovska, D. R. Beavis, R. Bellwied, M. J. Betancourt, R. R. Betts, A. BhasinA. K. Bhati, H. Bichsel, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, W. Borowski, J. Bouchet, A. V. Brandin, S. G. Brovko, E. Bruna, S. Bültmann, I. Bunzarov, T. P. Burton, J. Butterworth, X. Z. Cai, H. Caines, M. Calderón De La Barca Sánchez, D. Cebra, R. Cendejas, M. C. Cervantes, P. Chaloupka, Z. Chang, S. Chattopadhyay, H. F. Chen, J. H. Chen, J. Y. Chen, L. Chen, J. Cheng, M. Cherney, A. Chikanian, W. Christie, P. Chung, J. Chwastowski, M. J.M. Codrington, R. Corliss, J. G. Cramer, H. J. Crawford, X. Cui, A. Davila Leyva, L. C. De Silva, R. R. Debbe, T. G. Dedovich, J. Deng, R. Derradi De Souza, S. Dhamija, L. Didenko, F. Ding, A. Dion, P. Djawotho, X. Dong, J. L. Drachenberg, J. E. Draper, C. M. Du, L. E. Dunkelberger, J. C. Dunlop, L. G. Efimov, M. Elnimr, J. Engelage, G. Eppley, L. Eun, O. Evdokimov, R. Fatemi, S. Fazio, J. Fedorisin, R. G. Fersch, P. Filip, E. Finch, Y. Fisyak, C. A. Gagliardi, D. R. Gangadharan, F. Geurts, A. Gibson, S. Gliske, Y. N. Gorbunov, O. G. Grebenyuk, D. Grosnick, S. Gupta, W. Guryn, B. Haag, O. Hajkova, A. Hamed, L. X. Han, J. W. Harris, J. P. Hays-Wehle, S. Heppelmann, A. Hirsch, G. W. Hoffmann, D. J. Hofman, S. Horvat, B. Huang, H. Z. Huang, P. Huck, T. J. Humanic, L. Huo, G. Igo, W. W. Jacobs, C. Jena, J. Joseph, E. G. Judd, S. Kabana, K. Kang, J. Kapitan, K. Kauder, H. W. Ke, D. Keane, A. Kechechyan, A. Kesich, D. Kettler, D. P. Kikola, J. Kiryluk, I. Kisel, A. Kisiel, V. Kizka, S. R. Klein, D. D. Koetke, T. Kollegger, J. Konzer, I. Koralt, L. Koroleva, W. Korsch, L. Kotchenda, P. Kravtsov, K. Krueger, I. Kulakov, L. Kumar, M. A.C. Lamont, J. M. Landgraf, S. Lapointe, J. Lauret, A. Lebedev, R. Lednicky, J. H. Lee, W. Leight, M. J. Levine, C. Li, L. Li, W. Li, X. Li, X. Li, Y. Li, Z. M. Li, L. M. Lima, M. A. Lisa, F. Liu, T. Ljubicic, W. J. Llope, R. S. Longacre, Y. Lu, X. Luo, A. Luszczak, G. L. Ma, Y. G. Ma, D. M.M.D. Madagodagettige Don, D. P. Mahapatra, R. Majka, O. I. Mall, S. Margetis, C. Markert, H. Masui, H. S. Matis, D. McDonald, T. S. McShane, S. Mioduszewski, M. K. Mitrovski, Y. Mohammed, B. Mohanty, M. M. Mondal, B. Morozov, M. G. Munhoz, M. K. Mustafa, M. Naglis, B. K. Nandi, Md Nasim, T. K. Nayak, J. M. Nelson, L. V. Nogach, J. Novak, G. Odyniec, A. Ogawa, K. Oh, A. Ohlson, V. Okorokov, E. W. Oldag, R. A.N. Oliveira, D. Olson, P. Ostrowski, M. Pachr, B. S. Page, S. K. Pal, Y. X. Pan, Y. Pandit, Y. Panebratsev, T. Pawlak, B. Pawlik, H. Pei, C. Perkins, W. Peryt, P. Pile, M. Planinic, J. Pluta, D. Plyku, N. Poljak, J. Porter, A. M. Poskanzer, C. B. Powell, D. Prindle, C. Pruneau, N. K. Pruthi, M. Przybycien, P. R. Pujahari, J. Putschke, H. Qiu, R. Raniwala, S. Raniwala, R. L. Ray, R. Redwine, R. Reed, C. K. Riley, H. G. Ritter, J. B. Roberts, O. V. Rogachevskiy, J. L. Romero, J. F. Ross, L. Ruan, J. Rusnak, N. R. Sahoo, I. Sakrejda, S. Salur, A. Sandacz, J. Sandweiss, E. Sangaline, A. Sarkar, J. Schambach, R. P. Scharenberg, A. M. Schmah, B. Schmidke, N. Schmitz, T. R. Schuster, J. Seele, J. Seger, P. Seyboth, N. Shah, E. Shahaliev, M. Shao, B. Sharma, M. Sharma, S. S. Shi, Q. Y. Shou, E. P. Sichtermann, R. N. Singaraju, M. J. Skoby, D. Smirnov, N. Smirnov, D. Solanki, P. Sorensen, U. G. Desouza, H. M. Spinka, B. Srivastava, T. D.S. Stanislaus, S. G. Steadman, G. S.F. Stephans, J. R. Stevens, R. Stock, M. Strikhanov, B. Stringfellow, A. A.P. Suaide, M. C. Suarez, M. Sumbera, X. M. Sun, Y. Sun, Z. Sun, B. Surrow, D. N. Svirida, T. J.M. Symons, A. Szanto De Toledo, J. Takahashi, A. H. Tang, Z. Tang, L. H. Tarini, T. Tarnowsky, D. Thein, J. H. Thomas, J. Tian, A. R. Timmins, D. Tlusty, M. Tokarev, S. Trentalange, R. E. Tribble, P. Tribedy, B. A. Trzeciak, O. D. Tsai, J. Turnau, T. Ullrich, D. G. Underwood, G. Van Buren, G. Van Nieuwenhuizen, J. A. Vanfossen, R. Varma, G. M.S. Vasconcelos, F. Videbæk, Y. P. Viyogi, S. Vokal, S. A. Voloshin, A. Vossen, M. Wada, F. Wang, G. Wang, H. Wang, J. S. Wang, Q. Wang, X. L. Wang, Y. Wang, G. Webb, J. C. Webb, G. D. Westfall, C. Whitten, H. Wieman, S. W. Wissink, R. Witt, W. Witzke, Y. F. Wu, Z. Xiao, W. Xie, K. Xin, H. Xu, N. Xu, Q. H. Xu, W. Xu, Y. Xu, Z. Xu, L. Xue, Y. Yang, Y. Yang, P. Yepes, Y. Yi, K. Yip, I. K. Yoo, M. Zawisza, H. Zbroszczyk, J. B. Zhang, S. Zhang, W. M. Zhang, X. P. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, F. Zhao, J. Zhao, C. Zhong, X. Zhu, Y. H. Zhu, Y. Zoulkarneeva, M. Zyzak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A systematic study is presented for centrality, transverse momentum (p T), and pseudorapidity (η) dependence of the inclusive charged hadron elliptic flow (v2) at midrapidity (|η|<1.0) in Au+Au collisions at √sNN=7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV. The results obtained with different methods, including correlations with the event plane reconstructed in a region separated by a large pseudorapidity gap and four-particle cumulants (v2{4}), are presented to investigate nonflow correlations and v2 fluctuations. We observe that the difference between v2{2} and v2{4} is smaller at the lower collision energies. Values of v2, scaled by the initial coordinate space eccentricity, v2/, as a function of pT are larger in more central collisions, suggesting stronger collective flow develops in more central collisions, similar to the results at higher collision energies. These results are compared to measurements at higher energies at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (√sNN=62.4 and 200 GeV) and at the Large Hadron Collider (Pb+Pb collisions at √sNN=2.76 TeV). The v 2(pT) values for fixed pT rise with increasing collision energy within the pT range studied (<2GeV/c). A comparison to viscous hydrodynamic simulations is made to potentially help understand the energy dependence of v2(pT). We also compare the v2 results to UrQMD and AMPT transport model calculations, and physics implications on the dominance of partonic versus hadronic phases in the system created at beam energy scan energies are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054908
JournalPhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Volume86
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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    Adamczyk, L., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Alakhverdyants, A. V., Alekseev, I., Alford, J., Anderson, B. D., Anson, C. D., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E., Averichev, G. S., Balewski, J., Banerjee, A., Barnovska, Z., Beavis, D. R., Bellwied, R., Betancourt, M. J., Betts, R. R., ... Zyzak, M. (2012). Inclusive charged hadron elliptic flow in Au + Au collisions at √sNN=7.7-39 GeV. Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics, 86(5), [054908]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.86.054908