Incidence of long-term disability following traumatic brain injury hospitalization, United States, 2003

Anbesaw W. Selassie, Eduard Zaloshnja, Jean A. Langlois, Ted Miller, Paul Jones, Claudia Steiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Develop and validate a predictive model of the incidence of long-term disability following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and obtain national estimates for the United States in 2003. DATA/METHODS: A logistic regression model was built, using a population-based sample of persons with TBI from the South Carolina Traumatic Brain Injury Follow-up Registry. The regression coefficients were applied to the 2003 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project-Nationwide Inpatient Sample data to estimate the incidence of long-term disability following traumatic brain injury hospitalization. RESULTS: Among 288,009 (95% CI, 287,974-288,043) hospitalized TBI survivors in the United States in 2003, an estimated 124,626 (95% CI, 123,706-125,546) had developed long-term disability. CONCLUSION: TBI-related disability is a significant public health problem in the United States. The substantial incidence suggests the need for comprehensive rehabilitative care and services to maximize the potential of persons with TBI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-131
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2008

Keywords

  • Long-term disability
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology

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