Incidence of Discontinuation of Long-Acting Reversible Contraception among Adolescent and Young Adult Women Served by an Urban Primary Care Clinic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Study Objective To estimate long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) discontinuation rates. Secondary aims were to determine risk factors for discontinuation, describe reasons for discontinuation, evaluate complications related to placement, and estimate pregnancy rates after discontinuation. Design We conducted a retrospective cohort study of LARC method use through review of electronic medical record data. Setting Our program is housed in an academic primary care pediatric and adolescent clinic in Baltimore, Maryland. Participants One hundred sixty women ages 12-24 years who received an intrauterine device or subdermal implant through our program between December 10, 2012 and December 10, 2015. Interventions None. Main Outcome Measures Complications from LARC insertion, device discontinuation, reason(s) for discontinuation, pregnancies resulting from device failure, and occurrence of pregnancy within 1 year of discontinuation. Results Thirty-five women discontinued their LARC method. The 6-month discontinuation rate was 11.3% and the 12-month rate was 21.9%. Discontinuation was associated with history of sexually transmitted infection (adjusted hazard ratio, 3.21; 95% confidence interval, 1.49-6.90). The most common reason for discontinuation was bleeding for the implant and expulsion for the intrauterine device. Conclusion Our results support the safety and low discontinuation rates of LARC provision to adolescents and young adult women in a primary care setting. Discontinuation rates and reasons are consistent with those described in other studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-57
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Contraception
  • LARC
  • Long-acting reversible contraception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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