Incidence of acute diarrhea-associated death among children < 5 years of age in Bangladesh, 2010-12

Makhdum Ahmed, Jaynal Abedin, Kazi Faisal Alam, Abdullah Al Mamun, Repon C. Paul, Mahmudur Rahman, A. Danielle Iuliano, Katharine Sturm-Ramirez, Umesh Parashar, Stephen P. Luby, Emily S. Gurley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although acute diarrheal deaths have declined globally among children < 5 years, it may still contribute to childhood mortality as an underlying or contributing cause. The aim of this project was to estimate the incidence of acute diarrhea-associated deaths, regardless of primary cause, among children < 5 years in Bangladesh during 2010-12. We conducted a survey in 20 unions (administrative units) within the catchment areas of 10 tertiary hospitals in Bangladesh. Through social networks, our field team identified households where children < 5 years were reported to have died during 2010-12. Trained data collectors interviewed caregivers of the deceased children and recorded illness symptoms, health care seeking, and other information using an abbreviated international verbal autopsy questionnaire. We classified the deceased based upon the presence of diarrhea before death.We identified 880 deaths, of which 36 (4%) died after the development of acute diarrhea, 17 (2%) had diarrhea-only in the illness preceding death, and 19 (53%) had cough or difficulty breathing in addition to diarrhea. The estimated annual incidence of all-cause mortality in the unions < 13.6 km of the tertiary hospitals was 26 (95% confidence interval [CI] 16-37) per 1,000 live births compared with themortality rate of 37 (95% CI 26-49) per 1,000 live births in the unions located 313.6 km. Diarrhea contributes to childhood death at a higher proportion than when considering it only as the sole underlying cause of death. These data support the use of interventions aimed at preventing acute diarrhea, especially available vaccinations for common etiologies, such as rotavirus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)281-286
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume98
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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