Inactivation of tumor suppressor genes: Choice between genetic and epigenetic routes

Wen Yong Chen, Stephen B Baylin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Inactivation of tumor suppressor genes can occur via epigenetic or genetic mechanisms. The reasons underlying this choice of gene inactivation routes during tumorigenesis have not been clarified, nor have the precise roles in cancer evolution for genes which are solely affected by epigenetically mediated loss of function. Here we discuss a mouse model in which the disruption of Hic1, a gene solely involved with epigenetic silencing in human cancer, can markedly influence the disruption of the powerful tumor suppressor gene, p53, in determining malignant tumor incidence, spectrum and virulence. Furthermore, the mechanism for inactivation of Hic1 in tumors produced can be switched from an epigenetic to a genetic mode depending on how the Hic1 and p53 knockouts are localized on mouse chromosome 11. The value of such a model and the implications of the findings for choice of epigenetically versus genetically determined loss of gene function in cancer are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-12
Number of pages3
JournalCell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)
Volume4
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2005

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Keywords

  • Chromatin
  • Epigenetics
  • Genetics
  • HIC1
  • Histone deacetylation
  • Methylation
  • p53
  • Tumor suppressor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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