The multifunctional growth factor scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor (SF/HGF) and its receptor c-met have been implicated in the genesis, malignant progression, and chemo/radioresistance of multiple human malignancies, including gliomas. We examined the antitumor effects of targeting SF/HGF and c-met expression in pre-established glioma xenografts by using novel chimeric U1snRNA/ribozymes. Transient expression of anti-SF/HGF and anti-c-met U1snRNA/ribozymes inhibited SF/HGF and c-met expression, c-met receptor activation, tumor cell migration, and anchorage-independent colony formation in vitro. Delivery of U1snRNA/ribozymes to established subcutaneous glioma xenografts via liposome-DNA complexes significantly inhibited tumor growth as well as tumor SF/HGF and c-met expression levels. Histologic analysis of tumors treated with U1snRNA/ribozymes showed a significant decrease in blood vessel density, an increase in activation of the pro-apoptotic enzyme caspase-3, and an increase in tumor cell apoptosis. Treatment of animals bearing intracranial glioma xenografts with anti-SF/HGF and anti-c-met U1snRNA/ribozymes by either intratumoral injections of adenoviruses expressing the transgenes or intravenous injections of U1snRNA/ribozyme-liposome complexes substantially inhibited tumor growth and promoted animal survival. We demonstrate that SF/HGF and/or c-met expression can be targeted in vivo to inhibit tumor growth. In addition, our findings represent the first in vivo application of chimeric U1snRNA/ribozymes, which have numerous potential therapeutic gene-targeting applications.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||The FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology|
|State||Published - Jan 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology