In vivo metabolism of dihomo-γ-linolenic acid to bronchoactive products in the canine lung

Ernst W Spannhake, James L. Levin, Albert L. Hyman, Philip J. Kadowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We investigated the effects of dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (DGLA), the fatty acid precursor to the monoenoic prostaglandins, on pulmonary mechanics in the intact chest, artificially ventilated dog. Under conditions of normal airway tone, intravenously administered DGLA produced a modest, dose-related increase in lung resistance and decrease in dynamic lung compliance. These responses were approximately 30-100 times less than those produced by arachidonic acid. The bronchoconstrictive responses to DGLA were abolished by prior inhibition of the cyclooxygenase with indomethacin. PGD1 was equal in activity to PGF in causing constriction of central and peripheral airways of the dog. PGE1 was without significant airway effects in these animals under conditions of resting airway tone. We conclude that DGLA is a moderately good substrate for the cyclooxygenase pathway enzymes of the canine lung, producing products having a predominantly bronchoconstrictive effect. This bronchoconstriction is most likely due to the synthesis of PGD1 and PGF and is not due to the synthesis of lipoxygenase pathway products.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-132
Number of pages10
JournalProstaglandins, Leukotrienes and Medicine
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes

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alpha-Linolenic Acid
Metabolism
Canidae
Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases
Lung
Dogs
Lung Compliance
Bronchoconstriction
Lipoxygenase
Alprostadil
Mechanics
Arachidonic Acid
Constriction
Indomethacin
Prostaglandins
Fatty Acids
Thorax
Animals
Enzymes
Substrates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology

Cite this

In vivo metabolism of dihomo-γ-linolenic acid to bronchoactive products in the canine lung. / Spannhake, Ernst W; Levin, James L.; Hyman, Albert L.; Kadowitz, Philip J.

In: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Medicine, Vol. 10, No. 2, 1983, p. 123-132.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Spannhake, Ernst W ; Levin, James L. ; Hyman, Albert L. ; Kadowitz, Philip J. / In vivo metabolism of dihomo-γ-linolenic acid to bronchoactive products in the canine lung. In: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Medicine. 1983 ; Vol. 10, No. 2. pp. 123-132.
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