Oligomeric N-methyl D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) in brain is a ligand-gated ion channel that becomes selectively permeable to ions upon binding to ligands. For NMDAR channel, the binding of glutamate and glycine results in opening of the calcium permeable channel. Because the calcium influx mediated by NMDAR is important for synaptic plasticity and excitotoxicity, the function of NMDA receptors has been implicated in both health and disease. Native NMDA receptors are thought to be heteromeric pentamers with a central ion conduction pathway. There are five genes (NR1, 2A, 2B, 2C, and 2D) encoding various subunits that have been cloned, and NR1 is thought to be the essential subunit since it forms a functional channel by itself. To study NMDAR structure and function, we have searched for peptide modulators of NR1 using random peptide bacteriophage libraries. The peptides were identified based on their specific association with a purified receptor fusion protein that contains the putative ligand binding domain. We report the identification of one group of cyclic peptides (Mag-1) with a consensus sequence of CDGLRHMWFC. Using biochemical binding analysis and patch clamp electro-physiological recording, we show that the synthetic Mag-1 peptides cause noncompetitive inhibition of the receptor channel activity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Medicine
- Biomedical Engineering