In vitro re-expression of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (Ahr) in cultured Ahr-deficient mouse antral follicles partially restores the phenotype to that of cultured wild-type mouse follicles

A. Ziv-Gal, L. Gao, B. N. Karman, J. A. Flaws

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) mediates the toxic effects of various endocrine disrupting chemicals. In female mice, global deletion of the Ahr (AhrKO) results in slow growth of ovarian antral follicles. No studies, however, have examined whether injection of the Ahr restores the phenotypes of cultured AhrKO ovarian antral follicles to wild-type levels. Methods: We developed a system to construct a recombinant adenovirus containing the Ahr to re-express the Ahr in AhrKO granulosa cells and whole antral follicles. We then compared follicle growth and levels of factors in the AHR signaling pathway (Ahr, Ahrr, Cyp1a1, and Cyp1b1) in wild-type, AhrKO, and Ahr re-expressed follicles. Further, we compared the response to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo- p-dioxin (TCDD) in wild-type, AhrKO, and Ahr re-expressed follicles. Results: Ahr injection into AhrKO follicles partially restored their growth pattern to wild-type levels. Further, Ahr re-expressed follicles had significantly higher levels of Ahr, Ahrr, Cyp1a1, and Cyp1b1 compared to wild-type follicles. Upon TCDD treatment, only Cyp1a1 levels were significantly higher in Ahr re-expressed follicles compared to the levels in wild-type follicles. Conclusion: Our system of re-expression of the Ahr partially restores follicle growth and transcript levels of factors in the AHR signaling pathway to wild-type levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-336
Number of pages8
JournalToxicology in Vitro
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)
  • Adenovirus
  • Ahr-deficient mouse (AhrKO)
  • Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR)
  • Mouse
  • Ovary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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