Corbicula fluminea hemocytes phagocytosed infectious oocysts of Cryptosporidium parvum in vitro. After 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 min of incubation, averages of 35.8, 58.0, 69.7, 77.7, and 81.6% of the oocysts were phagocytosed by 24.3, 70.0, 78.5, 87.3, and 93.0% of the hemocytes, respectively. A single clam can retain by phagocytosis an average of 1.84 x 106 oocysts per ml of hemolymph. C fluminea bivalves can serve as biological indicators of contamination of wastewaters and agricultural drainages with Cryptosporidium.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology