In vitro assessment of new embolic liquids prepared from preformed polymers and water-miscible solvents for aneurysm treatment

F. Mottu, P. Gailloud, D. Massuelle, D. A. Rüfenacht, E. Doelker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Treatment of cerebral aneurysms by embolic liquids has been proposed as an alternative strategy to coil or balloon techniques. In order to assess the feasibility of this approach, a general screening of preformed polymers dissolved in biocompatible, water-miscible solvents has been carried out. The solubilizing capacity of the solvents has been evaluated by the solubility parameters approach. The viscosity of the solutions has been determined and the precipitation characteristics of the embolic liquids have been investigated in phosphate buffer solution pH 7.4 at 37°C to mimic physiological conditions. The radiopaque agent bismuth (III) oxide was added to solutions having appropriate precipitation characteristics and the angiographic assessment, in an in vitro aneurysm model, were consistent with the precipitation properties and confirmed that only hard and coherent masses allowed satisfactory embolization. However, the solubilizing prediction using the calculation of the solubility parameters was only partially successful owing to the highly hydrophilic functional groups of the chosen solvents. This failing justifies the experimental screening that was carried out. This study pointed out that the frequently used solvent dimethyl sulfoxide could be replaced by more biocompatible solvents offering the possibility of using other preformed polymers. In conclusion, nine solutions of the selected polymer-solvent combinations could be used as embolic liquids for the treatment of cerebral aneurysms with respect to their satisfactory precipitation properties and viscosity. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1331
Pages (from-to)803-811
Number of pages9
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Aneurysms
  • Embolic liquids
  • Preformed polymers
  • Solubility parameters
  • Toxicity
  • Water-miscible solvents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials


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