In-service nurse mentoring in 2020, the year of the nurse and the midwife: learning from Bihar, India

Adam D. Koon, Jerilyn Hoover, Sunil Sonthalia, Erica Rosser, Aboli Gore, Krishna D. Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In-service nurse mentoring is increasingly seen as a way to strengthen the quality of health care in rural areas, where healthworkers are scarce. Despite this, the evidence base for designing large-scale programs remains relatively thin. In this capacity-building article, we reflect on the limited evidence that exists and introduce features of the world’s largest program, run by CARE-India since 2015. Detail on the mechanics of large-scale programs is often missing from empirical research studies, but is a crucial aspect of organizational learning and development. Moreover, by focusing on the complex ways in which capacity-building is being institutionalized through an embedded model of in-service mentorship, this article bridges research and practice. We point to a number of areas that require further research as well as considerations for program managers designing comparable workforce strengthening programs. With careful planning and cross-national policy learning, we propose that in-service nurse mentoring may offer a cost-effective and appropriate workforce development approach in a variety of settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1823101
JournalGlobal health action
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 31 2020


  • Human resources for health
  • India
  • mentoring
  • quality of care
  • rural health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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