In patients with rectoceles and obstructed defecation syndrome, surgery should be the option of last resort

Caitlin W. Hicks, Milena Weinstein, May Wakamatsu, Lieba Savitt, Samantha Pulliam, Liliana Bordeianou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. The indications for operation in patients with obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) with rectocele are not well defined. Methods. A total of 90 female patients with ODS and rectocele were prospectively evaluated and treated with fiber supplements and biofeedback training. Univariate and multivariate regression was used to determine factors predictive of failing medical management. Results. Obstructive symptoms were the most prevalent presenting complaint (82.2%). Ultimately, 71.1% of patients responded to medical management and biofeedback. Multivariate regression analysis suggested that the presence of internal intussusception was associated with a lower chance of undergoing surgery to address ODS symptoms [odds ratio 0.18; P = .05], whereas inability to expel balloon, contrast retention on defecography, and splinting were not (P ≥ .15). Conclusion. Rectoceles with concomitant intussusception in patients with ODS appear to portend a favorable response to biofeedback and medical management. We argue that all patients considered for surgery for rectoceles because of ODS should first undergo appropriate bowel retraining.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)659-667
Number of pages9
JournalSurgery (United States)
Volume155
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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