Purpose: To quantify amide protein transfer (APT) effects in acidic ischemic lesions and assess the spatial-temporal relationship among diffusion, perfusion, and pH deficits in acute stroke patients. Methods: Thirty acute stroke patients were scanned at 3 T. Quantitative APT (APT#) effects in acidic ischemic lesions were measured using an extrapolated semisolid magnetization transfer reference signal technique and compared with commonly used MTRasym(3.5ppm) or APT-weighted parameters. Results: The APT# images showed clear pH deficits in the ischemic lesion, whereas the MTRasym(3.5ppm) signals were slightly hypointense. The APT# contrast between acidic ischemic lesions and normal tissue in acute stroke patients was more than three times larger than MTRasym(3.5ppm) contrast (−1.45 ± 0.40% for APT# versus −0.39 ± 0.52% for MTRasym(3.5ppm), P < 4.6 × 10−4). Hypoperfused and acidic areas without an apparent diffusion coefficient abnormality were observed and assigned to an ischemic acidosis penumbra. Hypoperfused areas at normal pH were also observed and assigned to benign oligemia. Hyperintense APT signals were observed in a hemorrhage area in one case. Conclusions: The quantitative APT study using the extrapolated semisolid magnetization transfer reference signal approach enhances APT MRI sensitivity to pH compared with conventional APT-weighted MRI, allowing more reliable delineation of an ischemic acidosis in the penumbra. Magn Reson Med 78:871–880, 2017.
- ischemic penumbra
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging