Improving recognition of onchocerciasis in primary care. I. Nonclassical symptoms

C. A. Pearson, William R Brieger, J. Ramakrishna, O. O. Kale, J. D. Adeniyi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The symptomatology of onchocerciasis appears to show some variations in different parts of the world. This may be related to race, to the strain of parasite which is associated with the geography and vegetation type-forest or savannah, and to endemicity. Despite these local variations, all published descriptions list three cardinal features: nodules, pruritus (with skin signs), and ocular manifestations. That many patients have microfilaria-positive skin snips without nodules, skin or eye changes is also documented, but there is a dearth of studies that look for other premonitory symptoms or signs which might be useful diagnostic indicators in early stages of the disease. This paper focuses on the diagnostic potential of other symptoms, particularly musculo-skeletal pain (MSP).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)160-163
Number of pages4
JournalTropical Doctor
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Pearson, C. A., Brieger, W. R., Ramakrishna, J., Kale, O. O., & Adeniyi, J. D. (1985). Improving recognition of onchocerciasis in primary care. I. Nonclassical symptoms. Tropical Doctor, 15(4), 160-163.