Improving predictions of condom behavioral intentions with partner-specific measures of risk perception

Jonathan M. Ellen, Nancy Adler, Jill E. Gurvey, Miranda B.V. Dunlop, Susan G. Millstein, Jeanne Tschann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Inconsistent findings regarding predictive validity perceptions of the risk for a sexually transmitted disease (STD) and HIV may be related to the use of nonspecific measures. The objective of this study was to determine whether more specific measures of perceptions of risk for STDs and HIV are associated with intentions to use a condom. We interviewed 490 male and female adolescents, 14 to 19 years old, from a free municipal STD clinic. Controlling for whether a condom was used at last sex, the association between perceptions of risk for an STD and HIV with a casual sex partner and intentions to use a condom with a casual sex partner was significant (βHIV = .14, p < .01, and βSTD = .20, p < .01), as was the association between perceptions of risk for an STD and HIV with a main sex partner and intentions to use a condom with a main sex partner (βHIV = .31, p <.001, and βSTD = .32, p < .001). This supports the continued inclusion of this construct in models of sexual and other health-related behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)648-663
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Improving predictions of condom behavioral intentions with partner-specific measures of risk perception'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this