Improving cervical cancer screening in hospital settings

Ann Klassen, Allyson Hall, Janice Bowie, Carol S. Weisman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Identifying opportunities to offer cervical cancer screening to underscreened women is important for increasing early detection. Maryland law mandates offering Pap tests during hospital admissions. We examined organizational and physician attitudes and practices regarding inpatient screening, to identify mechanisms for increasing the law's effectiveness. Methods: We analyzed state admission data, a hospital administrators telephone survey, and a mailed survey of Maryland primary and specialty care physicians, to identify overall patterns and subgroup differences regarding screening. Results: Overall, we found significant concern regarding cancer, and evidence of policies and procedures for screening. However, most hospitals and providers offered screening without assessing clinical need or including persuasive recommendations. Providers with significantly less engagement in preventive assessment and screening included medical and surgical subspecialists and non-primary care providers. Providers to African-American and Medical Assistance women were also less likely to have knowledge, attitudes, and practices conducive to inpatient screening. Conclusions: Adequate support and infrastructure for preventive screening exist within hospitals. Adding clinical assessment and persuasive education could increase the impact of these mechanisms, and improve prevention among underscreened inpatient populations. (C) 2000 American Health Foundation and Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)538-546
Number of pages9
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Keywords

  • Cancer control
  • Cervical cancer
  • Pap test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Improving cervical cancer screening in hospital settings'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this